Central Ground Water Authority
We at Trity Environ Solution not only provide information about our products but also gives information about the basic things that our customers as well as the readers need to know. So, today we are going to talk about an important term which is Central Ground Water Authority, which is a body established by the government of India under the Ministry of Jal Shakti to manage as well as protect the country’s groundwater resources under the provisions of Environment (Protection) Act, 1986. The purpose of the CGWA is to regulate as well as monitor the development of the groundwater in the country and also it is the CGWA that ensures the sustainable use of groundwater and prevents exploitation and it manages the aquifers to maintain their quality and quantity.
CGWA is the responsible authority for granting as well as renewing licenses for the extraction of groundwater resources to industries, commercial establishments as well as housing societies. Apart from this, it is also the responsibility of the Central Ground Water Authority to regulate the construction of the wells and tube wells in different parts of the country and monitor the groundwater quality and quantity. Another purpose of the CGWA is to conduct overall research and understand the behaviour of groundwater resources and the effect of human activities on them. The CGWA collaborates or tie-up with different governments, and non-governmental and academic institutions in order to promote scientific research and understanding of groundwater resources.
Why permission is required from CGWA?
Since the CGWA is a regulatory body established by the government under the provisions of the Environment(Protection) Act, 1986 in order to maintain and regulate groundwater resources and prevent over-exploitation. Therefore anyone who wants to extract groundwater for any purpose needs to obtain consent or a no-objection certificate from the authority. The purpose of obtaining permission from CGWA is to ensure that there is no over-exploitation of the groundwater resources as well as the contamination of the aquifers. The permission for the extraction of the groundwater is given on the basis of the availability of the groundwater in that particular area as well as the need for the groundwater for the proposed activity along with the potential impact on the aquifer and the surrounding areas.
CGWA has the power to impose certain restrictions with permission in order to ensure that the groundwater resource is being used judiciously and not getting wasted, also if one does not get permission for doing the above-said activity then they might be imposed with some penalties as well as the legal action. So, it is important to comply with all the guidelines and regulations that are prescribed before undertaking any activity that involves the use of groundwater resources.